Good eyesight is always a comfort and it is preferable to carry out daily chores or activities without struggling to see. Eyes being the windows to world they need to be well taken care of. In a survey carried out in the United States showed that nearly 40 percent of the population feared losing their sight as compared to any other sense. This is a clear sign that most people are afraid of blindness or even contracting any disorder that might jeopardize their eyesight. The average human being has experienced at least a few moments when he or she thought that they can lose their eyesight, this leads to this question “what can I do to avoid eye disorders or a complete loss of eyesight?”
Eye care is important and fortunately these days there are numerous ways that eye disorders can be treated without visiting a doctor. Self-medicating is a common thing these days and most of the necessary drugs can be found over the counter. Here are some of the common disorders that can be self-treated:
- Conjunctivitis- This is an eye disorder that is normally caused by bacteria, allergens, fungi or viruses, which generally cause an inflammation of the bulbar conjunctiva. Conjunctivitis is characterized by enlarged blood vessels and itchy bloodshot eyes. Eyelids can be stuck in the morning. The symptoms of this disorder can be treated using an ocular decongestant found in the local pharmacies.
- Contact dermatitis- This is eye disorder is characterized by the inflammation of the skin consequently causing swelling and redness of the eyelids. This is normally followed by intense itching. The common cause for this disorder is when someone comes into contact with specific allergens or the use of new products like makeup or even soap. Antihistamines will easily take care of the problem.
- Chalazion – It resembles the hordeolum, but without the tenderness. It is normally a raised nodule. Using a hot compress will easily take care of the chalazion.
- Hordeolum – It is commonly known as sty. The eye glands are mostly affected. They are normally inflamed and infected. In severe cases, the eyelids swell until the eyes remain shut. This disorder is normally caused by a bacteria known as Staphylococcus aureus. Hot compresses can be used to treat hordeolum, but if the symptoms persist, antibiotics should do the trick.
Eye care is as important as brushing the teeth after meals. Many minor problems have escalated to serious eye problems and that is why it is important to take precautionary measures to avoid serious eye complications in future.